In out-of-band methods there is a transfer of information by a channel other than the Wi-Fi channel itself.
- Near-Field-Communication Method, in which the user simply has to bring the new client close to the access point to allow a near field communication between the devices. NFC Forum compliant RFID tags can also be used. Support of this mode is optional.
- USB Method, in which the user uses a USB flash drive to transfer data between the new client device and the access point of the network. Support of this mode is optional, but deprecated.
The USB method has been deprecated and is not part of the Alliance's certification testing.